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Why Do I Need a Phonics Scope and Sequence?

Post It notes that say why

Teachers need a phonics scope and sequence because it provides a framework for instruction. Like a roadmap, a scope and sequence ensures that the instructor will effectively move their student(s) from point A to point B without missing any turns (or elements). A scope and sequence will enable students to embark on their reading journey without getting lost.

What is the best phonics scope and sequence to use for K-2?

There is no one, best phonics scope and sequence. That said, the science of reading has found that the key to successful phonics instruction is that it must be sequential, systematic, and cumulative. A quality framework provides a sequential approach to instruction and ensures that key elements are not inadvertently skipped.

A well-designed resource moves from more simple concepts to more complex concepts with new learning building upon prerequisite skills. That’s another way of saying the instruction is cumulative.

How do I know which scope and sequence to use?

If your school is using a science of reading-based phonics program, then it’s important to use the scope and sequence provided within that program. On the other hand, if you do not have access to such a curriculum, we have created a free K-2 scope and sequence.

picture of our K-2 Scope and Sequence
Click the image for a free download

What must a strong phonics scope and sequence include?

In addition to being sequential and cumulative, there are several things to be on the lookout for when choosing one that fits your needs.

  • Does it allow enough instructional time for student mastery?
  • Does it address the alphabetic principle?
  • Does it revisit previously taught skills and build on those skills?
  • Does it progress from least to most complex skills?
  • Is it thorough?

We designed our scope and sequence with careful thought toward each of these guideposts. In addition to following a systematic, cumulative introduction of skills, our tool builds in time so students can achieve mastery. Having worked with emergent and struggling readers for years, we know that ‘just because you said it, doesn’t mean they got it.’ Therefore, we know the importance of building in enough time for mastery of skills.

Can using a phonics scope and sequence save me time?

Absolutely! Using a phonics scope and sequence takes the guesswork out of teaching. Our resource comes with a handy checklist so you can easily keep track of the skills you’ve taught.

Where can I find resources to help teach these phonics elements?

Our TpT store is filled with Science of Reading aligned resources at an affordable price. We have resources for:

Letter Name and Sound

Letter Name and Sound Bundle Cover

Reading

Decodable books help students apply phonetic patterns and develop automaticity.

Spelling

This phoneme grapheme template helps students accurately spell words with glued or welded sounds.

Multisyllabic Word Study

This resource is designed to help students read multisyllabic words by recognizing syllable types
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