informed literacy

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How to Calculate Fluency Rate

Why Calculating Correct Words Per Minute  Matters We often find ourselves discussing fluency rate and the proper way to score fluency assessments.  Some people are in the camp of counting ‘words per minute’.  Others hold the stance of scoring ‘correct words per minute’.  We firmly believe in scoring ‘correct words per minute’ because fluency is not just…

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The Magic of Decodable Texts

  Decodable Texts are a Powerful Tool What’s the big deal about decodable texts?   Approximately 20% of the population is prone to a language based learning disability.  For these learners, reading does not come ‘naturally’.  To meet with reading success, repeated opportunities to practice code are non-negotiable.  Systematic, sequential, and cumulative practice with the alphabetic…

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Why Develop Phonemic Awareness in Emergent Readers?

Phonemic Awareness: A Prerequisite for Reading Success What is phonemic awareness? Phonemic Awareness is an oral language skill that includes a number of discrete skills: rhyming isolating beginning, middle, and ending sounds segmenting and blending phonemes manipulating phonemes Click here for more details on phonemic awareness. Why is phonemic awareness important? Phonemic Awareness is a…

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How to Use Fluency Grids to Support Emergent Readers

Developing Automatic Recognition of Letters and Sounds What are fluency grids? Fluency grids are a simple tool that allows for targeted instruction.  After careful analysis of a letter-sound assessment, the teacher can create a fluency grid with 2-6 letters requiring additional practice.  When instructing emergent readers in letter/sound recognition (i.e. the alphabetic principle), the focus can be…

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Back to School: Getting to Know Your Second and Third Grade Readers

Essential Decoding Assessments for Primary Readers Second and third grade is where the ‘rubber hits the road,’ so to speak. While much of kindergarten and first grade reading instruction focuses on learning to read through phonological awareness skills and applying the alphabetic principle, second and third grade begins the transition from ‘learning to read’ toward ‘reading to learn.’

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3 Summer Must Reads: Book Recommendations for Teachers of Reading

It’s not too late to squeeze in a few more professional reads this summer! As mentioned in a previous book review post, teaching reading is an art-form. It is also a science. Here we discuss three more titles; each one addressing a different aspect of teaching reading: the art, the science, and the practical application.