fluency

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How to Calculate Fluency Rate

Why Calculating Correct Words Per Minute  Matters We often find ourselves discussing fluency rate and the proper way to score fluency assessments.  Some people are in the camp of counting ‘words per minute’.  Others hold the stance of scoring ‘correct words per minute’.  We firmly believe in scoring ‘correct words per minute’ because fluency is not just…

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How to Use Fluency Grids to Support Emergent Readers

Developing Automatic Recognition of Letters and Sounds What are fluency grids? Fluency grids are a simple tool that allows for targeted instruction.  After careful analysis of a letter-sound assessment, the teacher can create a fluency grid with 2-6 letters requiring additional practice.  When instructing emergent readers in letter/sound recognition (i.e. the alphabetic principle), the focus can be…

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Back to School: Getting to Know Your Second and Third Grade Readers

Essential Decoding Assessments for Primary Readers Second and third grade is where the ‘rubber hits the road,’ so to speak. While much of kindergarten and first grade reading instruction focuses on learning to read through phonological awareness skills and applying the alphabetic principle, second and third grade begins the transition from ‘learning to read’ toward ‘reading to learn.’

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Fluency Series Part 1: The Bridge from Decoding to Comprehension

Beyond the Need for Speed   If someone would have asked us about fluency as brand new teachers, we might have responded with the notion that fluency is when a student reads with expression at a decent rate.  While this is partially accurate, fluency is so much more than “a need for speed” and the…