explicit instruction

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How to Calculate Fluency Rate

Why Calculating Correct Words Per Minute  Matters We often find ourselves discussing fluency rate and the proper way to score fluency assessments.  Some people are in the camp of counting ‘words per minute’.  Others hold the stance of scoring ‘correct words per minute’.  We firmly believe in scoring ‘correct words per minute’ because fluency is not just…

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Why Develop Phonemic Awareness in Emergent Readers?

Phonemic Awareness: A Prerequisite for Reading Success What is phonemic awareness? Phonemic Awareness is an oral language skill that includes a number of discrete skills: rhyming isolating beginning, middle, and ending sounds segmenting and blending phonemes manipulating phonemes Click here for more details on phonemic awareness. Why is phonemic awareness important? Phonemic Awareness is a…

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Making a Case for Word Study Instruction

Systematic, Sequential, Cumulative, Explicit Every year, we inevitably encounter students with a similar reading profile. These are the students who score within the independent range for comprehension. However, oral reading fluency scores tend to indicate a need for support. Closer examination of fluency will likely reveal decreased accuracy with minimal self-corrections. Rate, however, may falsely…