Instruction

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Making a Case for Word Study Instruction

Systematic, Sequential, Cumulative, Explicit Every year, we inevitably encounter students with a similar reading profile. These are the students who score within the independent range for comprehension. However, oral reading fluency scores tend to indicate a need for support. Closer examination of fluency will likely reveal decreased accuracy with minimal self-corrections. Rate, however, may falsely…

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Learning Disability or Curriculum Disability?

Nature vs. Nurture     Think about a student you have instructed who exhibits difficulty learning. Even after the unit has been taught, the student continues to struggle with the skills and/or information. You might question the contributing factors surrounding the student’s difficulties. Is it a case of nature (the student’s inherent abilities) or nurture…

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Back it Up

Always start with what they know… Imagine expecting a baby to run before he or she learns to crawl. While this seems preposterous, it is no different than expecting a third grader to explain how key details support the main idea when the student does not possess a secure understanding of the difference between main…